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:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (Spring 2020) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2020, 8(2): 130-146 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Metals in Neurodegenerative Diseases of the Central Nervous System
Afshin Montazeri, Milad Akhlaghi *, Ahmad Reza Barahimi, Ali Jahanbazi Jahan Abad, Reza Jabbari
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran , milad70akhlaghi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1075 Views)
Introduction: Metals have always proved their nature as integral parts of the Earthchr('39')s crust, water, air and various ecosystems. Rare metals are commonly used as enzyme cofactors and act to regulate the cell functions. The accumulation of metals in the brain indicates the important role of these substances in the nervous system. The lack of these metals is associated with a variety of neurological diseases. On the other hand, enhancement of metal levels may lead to various harmful intracellular events, including oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, DNA fragmentation, protein falsity, endoplasmic endothelial stress, disturbance in autophagy and induction of apoptosis. To date, adverse effects of metal imbalances with multiple human diseases, such as Alzheimerchr('39')s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, autism spectrum disorders, Guillen-Barre disease, Persian Gulf War syndrome, Huntingtonchr('39')s disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinsonchr('39')s disease, and Wilsonchr('39')s disease, have been reported. The role of some of these metal ions, especially in brain function, is important, which led to the introduction of the term metalloneurochemistry to describe the study of metallic ions in the nervous system at the molecular level. Conclusion: Various metals play an important role in the regulation of multiple vital processes of neurons. Deficiency or elevated levels of any of these metals have harmful effects on the human nervous system, which may contribute to different neurodegenerative diseases.
Keywords: Heavy Metal Poisoning, Nervous System, Nerve Degeneration
Full-Text [PDF 917 kb]   (206 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Basic research in Neuroscience
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Montazeri A, Akhlaghi M, Barahimi A R, Jahanbazi Jahan Abad A, Jabbari R. The Role of Metals in Neurodegenerative Diseases of the Central Nervous System. Shefaye Khatam. 2020; 8 (2) :130-146
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Volume 8, Issue 2 (Spring 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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