[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit ::
:: Volume 6, Issue 3 (Summer - 2018) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2018, 6(3): 43-51 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Meaning of life on the Relationship between Attitude toward Substance Abuse and Depression
Saeed Mohammad Nia , Ali Mashhadi *
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , mashhadi@um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1177 Views)

Introduction: Today, substance abuse is assumed as a chronic disease. Depression is one of the causes of attitude toward substance abuse in youth. In addition, substance abuse can be a direct result of the lack of meaning in life. There is a negative relationship between the lack of meaning in life and depression. The main goal of this study was to test the role of meaning of life on the relationship between attitude toward substance abuse and depression in students. Materials and Methods: Method of this study was descriptive-correlational and samples were selected through a random sampling method. Results: A significant negative relationship has been observed between depression and the meaning in life. Furthermore, there was a significant negative correlation between the meaning of life and the attitude toward substance abuse. The results supported the effect of meaning in life on the relationship between depression and attitude toward substance abuse. Conclusion: There is a two-way relationship between depression and meaning in life. Depression, due to various causes, lead to reduced meaning in life. In turn, decreased meaning in life leads to feeling of disorientation and subsequently to substance abuse.

Keywords: Depression, Substance-Related Disorders, Chronic Disease
Full-Text [PDF 868 kb]   (626 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Psycology
1. Afshar.P. Latest statistics of addicts. http://www.ilna.ir
2. Barlow DH, ‎Durand VM. Abnormal psychology: an integrative approach 7nd ed. New york: Cengage Learning US. 2014.
3. Grant BF, Stinson FS, Dawson DA, Chou SP, Dufour MC, Compton W, et al. Prevalence and co-occurrence of substance use disorders and independent mood and anxiety disorders: results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2004; 61(8): 807-16. [DOI:10.1001/archpsyc.61.8.807]
4. Mohamadi A, Borjali A, Eskandari H, Delavar A. Clinical efficacy of depression inventory in detection of depression in children and adolescents. J Clin Psychol. 2010; 2(1): 1-8.
5. Chodaghai F, Neshatdoost H, Kalantari M, Jilamali Sh. Effectiveness of group training on cognitive-behavioral stress management on anxiety and depression in people with substance abuse under methadone maintenance treatment. J Clin Psychol. 2012; 4(16). 41-51.
6. Volkow ND. The reality of comorbidity: depression and drug abuse. Biol Psychiatry. 2004; 56(10): 714-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.biopsych.2004.07.007]
7. Libby AM, Orton HD, Stover SK, Riggs PD. What came first, major depression or substance use disorder? clinical characteristics and substance use comparing teens in a treatment cohort. Addict Behav. 2005; 30(9): 1649-662. [DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.07.012]
8. Burns L, Teesson M, O'Neill K. The impact of comorbid anxiety and depression on alcohol treatment outcomes. Addiction. 2005; 100(6): 787-96. [DOI:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2005.001069.x]
9. Glasner-Edwards S, Marinelli-Casey P, Hillhouse M, Ang A, Mooney LJ, Rawson R. Depression among methamphetamine users: association with outcomes from the methamphetamine treatment project at 3-year follow-up. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2009; 197(4): 225-31. [DOI:10.1097/NMD.0b013e31819db6fe]
10. Dodge R, Sindelar J, Sinha R. The role of depression symptoms in predicting drug abstinence in outpatient substance abuse treatment. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2005; 28(2): 189-96. [DOI:10.1016/j.jsat.2004.12.005]
11. Worley MJ, Trim RS, Roesch SC, Mrnak-Meyer J, Tate SR, Brown SA. Comorbid depression and substance use disorder: Longitudinal associations between symptoms in a controlled trial. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2012; 43(3): 291-302. [DOI:10.1016/j.jsat.2011.12.010]
12. Chinet L, Plancherel B, Bolognini M, Bernard M, Laget J, Daniele G, et al. Substance use and depression. Comparative course in adolescents. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006; 15(3): 149-55. [DOI:10.1007/s00787-005-0516-1]
13. Degenhardt L, Hall W, Lynskey M. Exploring the association between cannabis use and depression. Addiction. 2003; 98(11): 1493-504. [DOI:10.1046/j.1360-0443.2003.00437.x]
14. Carrieri MP, Rey D, Loundou A, Lepeu G, Sobel A, Obadia Y. Evaluation of buprenorphine maintenance treatment in a French cohort of HIV-infected injecting drug users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2003; 72(1): 13-21. [DOI:10.1016/S0376-8716(03)00189-3]
15. Havard A, Teesson M, Darke S, Ross J. Depression among heroin users: 12-month outcomes from the Australian treatment outcome study (ATOS). J Subst Abuse Treat. 2006; 30(4): 355-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.jsat.2006.03.012]
16. Knowlton A, Latkin C, Schroeder J, Hoover D, Ensminger M, Celentano D. Longitudinal predictors of depressive symptoms among low income injection drug users. AIDS Care. 2001; 13(5): 549-59. [DOI:10.1080/09540120120063197]
17. Rao SR, Broome KM, Simpson DD. Depression and hostility as predictors of long‐term outcomes among opiate users. Addiction. 2004; 99(5): 579-89. [DOI:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00686.x]
18. Schottenfeld RS, Pakes JR, Kosten TR. Prognostic factors in buprenorphine-versus methadone-maintained patients. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1998; 186(1): 35-43. [DOI:10.1097/00005053-199801000-00006]
19. Conner KR, Pinquart M, Duberstein PR. Meta‐analysis of depression and substance use and impairment among intravenous drug users (IDUs). Addiction. 2008; 103(4): 524-34. [DOI:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.02118.x]
20. Melton AM, Schulenberg SE. On the relationship between meaning in life and boredom proneness: Examining a logotherapy postulate. Psychol Rep. 2007; 101(2-3): 1016-22. [DOI:10.2466/pr0.101.4.1016-1022]
21. Yalom ID. Existential Psychotherapy. 1st ed. Basic Books. 1980. P. 544.
22. Reker GT, Wong PTP. Aging as an Individual process: toward a theory of personal meaning. Birren JE, Bengston VL. Emergent theorics of aging. New York: Sprinier Publishing Compony. 1988. 214-46.
23. Auhagen AE. On the psychology of meaning of life. Swiss J Psychol. 2000; 59(1): 34-48. [DOI:10.1024//1421-0185.59.1.34]
24. Sorajjakool S, Aja V, Chilson B, Ramírez-Johnson J, Earll A. Disconnection, depression, and spirituality: A study of the role of spirituality and meaning in the lives of individuals with severe depression. Pastoral Psychol. 2008; 56(5): 521-32. [DOI:10.1007/s11089-008-0125-2]
25. Frankl V. The unheard cry for meaning. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1978.
26. Nelson-Jones R. Theory and practice of counselling and therapy. 5th ed. SAGE Publications Ltd. 2010. P. 512.
27. Beck AT. Depression: clinical, experimental, and theoretical aspects. New York: Hoeber Medical Division, Harper & Row. 1967.
28. Rajabi Gh. Psychometric properties of short form subjects of beck depression inventory. Developmentl Psychology. Iranian Psychologists. 2005; 4: 291-8.
29. Nazari M. The role of propaganda in changing the attitudes of students in Tehran's 16th district toward addiction. MS Thesis. University of Rehabilitation Sciences and Social Welfare. 1999.
30. Reker GT. Meaning in life of young, middle-aged, and older adults: factorial validity, age, and gender invariance of the Personal Meaning Index (PMI). Pers Individ Dif. 2005; 38(1): 71-85. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2004.03.010]
31. Bentler PM. Comparative fit indexes in structural model. Psychol Bull. 1990; 107(2): 238-46. [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.107.2.238]
32. Konkolÿ Thege B, Martos T, Skrabski Á, Kopp M. A Rövidített Stressz és Megküzdés Kérdőív élet értelmességét mérő alskálájának (BSCI-LM) pszichometriai jellemzői. Mentálhigiéné és Pszichoszomatika. 2008; 9(3): 243-61. [DOI:10.1556/Mental.9.2008.3.4]
33. Gyamerah J, Lantz J. Meaning, technology, and smoking cessation. International Forum for Logotherapy. 2002; 25(2): 83-8.
34. Konkolÿ Thege B. Die beziehung zwischen existenzieller frustration undgesundheitsschädlichem verhalten. Existenzanalyse. 2006; 23(1): 68-72.
35. Tse S, Lioyd Ch, Petchovsky L, Mania W. Exaploration of Australian & New Zland indigenous people's spirituality and mental health. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 2005; 52 (3): 181-7. [DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1630.2005.00507.x]
36. Beygi A. Spiritual flourishing, religious social activities and quality of life in anonymous addicts. Journal of Knowledge and Health. 2011; 6(2): 6-12.
37. Hicks JA, King LA. Meaning in life and seeing the big picture: positive affect and global focus. Cognition and Emotion. 2007; 21(7): 1577-84. [DOI:10.1080/02699930701347304]

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mohammad Nia S, Mashhadi A. The Effect of Meaning of life on the Relationship between Attitude toward Substance Abuse and Depression. Shefaye Khatam. 2018; 6 (3) :43-51
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-1747-en.html

Volume 6, Issue 3 (Summer - 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.07 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3858