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:: Volume 4, Issue 4 (Autumn - 2016) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2016, 4(4): 26-34 Back to browse issues page
The Role of the Primary Information on Importance of the Last Information in Decision Making
Maryam Tohidi-Moghaddam, Sajjad Zabbah, Reza Ebrahimpour *
Faculty of Computer Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran , rebrahimpour@srttu.edu
Abstract:   (1340 Views)

Introduction: Most decisions are based on the accumulation of discrete pieces of evidence. This evidence has usually been separated with the various intervals. Indeed, how the brain gathers and combines distinct pieces of information received at different times is need to be clarified. In order to investigate the kinship between brain function and human behavior, the behavioral experimental studies could be designed. Previous studies demonstrated that subjects gather and effectively combine discrete evidence to improve their accuracy. In addition, it has been shown that the latest information has a larger influence on decisions. However, it remains unclear that why this larger influence of the later pulses occurs and what can affect this influence. Materials and Methods: Dealing with these questions a perceptual decision-making task has been implemented by the psychophysics’ toolbox in MATLAB. Subjects, during the task, were instructed to report the direction of motion in a noisy random dot stimulus with certain keys. Stimuli were presented in continuous (one pulse) or discrete (two continuousness pulses separated with different intervals) form. Each of these two forms of stimuli was presented randomly during each session. Each session has been included 300 trials. Each subject has done 3600 trials. Data have been analyzed by regression models. Results: We observed that in double-pulse trials, the strength of the second pulse was more crucial in the accuracy of responses compared to the first pulse. In addition, this accuracy was dependent on the differences between the strength of the first and the last pulses. Conclusion: These findings suggest that a key factor which affects the importance of pulses is the strength of the previous pulse. As the difference between the motion strength increases, the effect of the second pulse on choice accuracy enhanced.

Keywords: Psychophysics, Neurosciences, Decision Making
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Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Bioinformatics in Neuroscience

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Tohidi-Moghaddam M, Zabbah S, Ebrahimpour R. The Role of the Primary Information on Importance of the Last Information in Decision Making. Shefaye Khatam. 2016; 4 (4) :26-34
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-1075-en.html

Volume 4, Issue 4 (Autumn - 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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