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:: Volume 6, Issue 1 (Winter - 2018) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2018, 6(1): 10-18 Back to browse issues page
Stress Detection and Control According to the Skin Signal of Electrical Resistance and Heart Rate Using Reinforcement Learning
Mandana Sadat Ghafourian *, Minoochehr Bashizade Fakhar, Amin Noori
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Khaje Nasir Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran , m.ghafourian@email.kntu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5336 Views)

Introduction: The anxiety disorders are the most common mental health condition. Through modulation of stress responses, the anxiety can be controlled. Stress clearly affects the autonomic nervous system and leads to excessive sweating and tachycardia. New methods to identify and manage stress are still needed. Materials and Methods: In this paper, anxiety is controlled by reinforcement learning (RL). For stress level measurement, galvanic skin resistance (GSR) and heart rate were measured. Skin electrical resistance and heart rates are measured in 15 subjects (8 females and 7 males), ages between 22 to 30 years, during exposure to melodies and pictures. By connecting bioelectric sensors to the hand, GSR signal can be tested. Anxiety level was measured by biological signals (biofeedback) through playing melodies and showing pictures. First, GSR and heart rate signals were measured (states of RL). Then, the application plays a melody (agent) and shows a picture (actions). After a period of time, GSR and heart rate were measured again. Based on the differences between initial and secondary values, the reward, indicating stress variations were calculated. Based on the received reward, the agent learns to control the stress level. Results: The intelligent agent of RL, learns which picture to show and what melody to play in order to manage the stress. For each person, different melodies and pictures reduce the stress. This learning procedure should be repeated for each subject. Conclusion: A novel method is proposed and investigated based on RL for anxiety control. The accuracy of diagnosis is improved in a simple, rapid, and low-cost way.

Keywords: Anxiety, Skin, Heart Rate
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Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Psycology

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Sadat Ghafourian M, Bashizade Fakhar M, Noori A. Stress Detection and Control According to the Skin Signal of Electrical Resistance and Heart Rate Using Reinforcement Learning. Shefaye Khatam. 2018; 6 (1) :10-18
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-1435-en.html

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Volume 6, Issue 1 (Winter - 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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