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Shefaye Khatam 2018, 6 - The Spring Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 1 -: 7-7 Back to browse issues page
O7: Functional Characterization of Human GABAA Autoantibodies in the Context of Limbic Encephalitis
Amélie Menke *, Manuela Cerina, Klaus Dornmair, Sven G Meuth
Department for Neurology with Institute for Translational Neurology, University of Münster, 48149 Münster, Germany , a_menk04@uni-muenster.de
Abstract:   (1414 Views)
Limbic encephalitis is an adaptive autoimmune disease, induced by different autoantibodies, which target extracellular neuronal epitopes, such as NMDA or GABAB receptors1,2. Recently our group found another human antibody, which binds to the α1 subunit of the GABAA receptor. Since the GABAA receptor is responsible for the majority of fast inhibitory neurotransmission, we investigated changes in GABAergic activity and the excitability in brain regions containing the α1 subunit. Therefore, we performed a functional in-vitro characterization by incubating acute brain slices with the antibody and performing electrophysiological recordings in the somatosensory cortex (S1). The single-cell analysis of pyramidal neurons in S1 showed a significantly reduced frequency of GABAergic events. In contrast examining the excitability by counting the number of action potentials generated in response to a current step, showed no effect of the antibody. By using transgenic GFP-GAD-65 mice we separately explored the antibody’s effects in interneurons only. There, we found a non-significant difference in the amplitude of GABAergic events, but no changes in the frequency. Fluorescence staining confirmed the specificity of the antibody binding in S1 and hippocampal regions. In conclusion, the antibody seems to cause an increased excitability especially in pyramidal cortical neurons mediated by a reduced GABAergic activity.
Keywords: Limbic, Autoimmune Disease, Especially
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Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Basic research in Neuroscience

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Menke A, Cerina M, Dornmair K, Meuth S G. O7: Functional Characterization of Human GABAA Autoantibodies in the Context of Limbic Encephalitis. Shefaye Khatam. 2018; 6 (S1) :7-7
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-1523-en.html

Volume 6 - The Spring Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 1 - Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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