:: Volume 6 - The Spring Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 1 - ::
Shefaye Khatam 2018, 6 - The Spring Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 1 -: 201-201 Back to browse issues page
P170: The Role of Th1 Lymphocytes in The Pathogenesis of Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Sepideh Mansoori Majoofardi *, Saman Esmaeilnejad, Zahra Behrooznia, Zahra Sheidae Mehne
a. Faculty of Medicine‚ Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University‚ Mashhad, Iran b. Gastric Cancer Research Group‚ Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad‚ Iran , sepideh.mansoori91@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1352 Views)
Th1 lymphocytes produce cytokines such as IL-2, IFN-γ, and TNF-α, TNF-β and GM-CSF. IFN-γ is the most important Th1 cell cytokine that induces the production of IgG, activation of macrophages, enhancing phagocytosis, and also increasing MHC class I and class II molecules. Increasing serum level of Th1 cytokines have also been observed in MS patients. It has also been proven that in humans, exacerbation of MS disease is often accompanied by the increase of myelin-specific Th1 cells in the CSF and according to pathological observations, in thrombolytic plaques, the accumulation of Th1 cells and the production of IFN-γ is directly linked to the demyelination process, which also proves the pathogenicity of Th1 cells. Moreover, the treatment of multiple sclerosis with IFN-γ increases the severity of the disease; while treatment with an anti-IFN-γ antibody improves the disease. Th1 cells cytokines activate macrophages, and activated macrophages cause damage to myelin and subsequently oligodendrocytes and can also produce other inflammatory cytokines that can exacerbate tissue damage. Conclusion: According to studies, Th1 lymphocytes seem to play an important role in immuno-pathological reactions in MS. Preventing the entry of Th1 cells into the CNS, differentiation of native T-cell into Th1 cellsand also activation of Th1 cells, and in the other hand targeting cytokines secreted from Th1 cells or their receptors can significantly reduce the process of demyelination in MS. This review study aimed to investigate the role of Th1 Lymphocytes in the Pathogenesis of Multiple Sclerosis.
Keywords: Multiple Sclerosis‚ Th1 Lymphocyte‚ IFN-γ ‚Macrophage
Full-Text [PDF 249 kb]   (382 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Basic research in Neuroscience

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Volume 6 - The Spring Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 1 - Back to browse issues page