:: دوره 6، شماره 4 - ( پاییز - 1397 ) ::
دوره 6 شماره 4 صفحات 34-44 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
تأثیر دو شیوۀ مختلف سازماندهی تمرین جسمانی بر کارکردهای اجرایی در کودکان مبتلا به اختلال هماهنگی رشدی
هادی مرادی* ، ابوالفضل شایان نوش آبادی
گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران ، hadi.moradi@stu.um.ac.ir
چکیده:   (276 مشاهده)
مقدمه: از آنجایی که افراد مبتلا به اختلال هماهنگی رشدی در کارکردهای اجرایی دچار ضعف می‌باشند، هدف از مطالعۀ حاضر بررسی تأثیر دو شیوۀ مختلف سازماندهی تمرین جسمانی بر کارکردهای اجرایی کودکان مبتلا به اختلال هماهنگی رشدی است. مواد و روش‌ها: از بین کودکان مبتلا به اختلال هماهنگی رشدی که واجد شرایط ورود به مطالعه بودند، 45 نفر به صورت تصادفی انتخاب شدند و پس از تکمیل کردن مقیاس کارکردهای اجرایی آزمون کانرز به‌عنوان پیش‌آزمون، به صورت تصادفی به 3 گروه: گروه تمرینات تصادفی (15 نفر)، گروه تمرینات مسدود (15 نفر) و گروه شاهد (15 نفر) تقسیم شدند. سپس دو گروه مداخله‌ای، تمرینات جسمانی با تداخل زمینه‌ای متفاوت را برای 8 هفته و هر هفته 3 جلسۀ 45 دقیقه‌ایی انجام دادند. در انتها از همۀ افراد توسط مقیاس کارکردهای اجرایی، پس‌آزمون به عمل آمد. یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد پس از انجام مداخلات، کارکردهای اجرایی در دو گروه مداخله‌ای به صورت معنی‌داری بهبود یافت. با این حال هیچ‌گونه بهبود معنی‌داری در کارکردهای اجرایی گروه شاهد مشاهده نشد. علاوه بر این بین گروه‌های تمرینات تصادفی و مسدود تفاوت معنی‌داری مشاهده شد. با این حال گروه تمرین تصادفی بهبود بیشتری در کارکردهای حسی –حرکتی به همراه داشت. نتیجه‌گیری: بر اساس نتایج ما تمرینات جسمانی به صورت تصادفی می‌تواند یک روش ایده‌آل به‌منظور بهبود عملکرد اجرایی در کودکان مبتلا به اختلال هماهنگی رشدی در نظر گرفته شود.
واژه‌های کلیدی: کارکردهای اجرایی، تمرین، کودک
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تحقیقات پایه در علوم اعصاب
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دوره 6، شماره 4 - ( پاییز - 1397 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها