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Shefaye Khatam 2014, 2 - The Summer Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 1 -: 97-97 Back to browse issues page
P73: Anxiety Sensitivity and Coping Motives Predict Substance Use Craving and Relapse
Ruhollah Heydari * , Parisa Kalantari
1Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education & Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. , Ruhollahheydari70@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2119 Views)
Substance use disorder is conceptualized as a chronic relapsing condition where relapse is usually defined as the return to problematic substance use following treatment. An issue of great importance is the identification of the predictors of relapse and the development of treatments that may help prevent relapse. One of the strongest predictors of relapse is craving. The purpose of the present study was to study the effect of anxiety, anxiety sensitivity and coping motives on craving. Participants (n=74) were male opiate users recruited from a semi-private clinic providing detoxification and treatment services for substance users. Anxiety, anxiety sensitivity, coping motives and craving were assessed using relevant questionnaires. The addiction severity index was used to assess addiction severity. All patients were methadone maintained and one year after detoxification, 36 patients (48.64%) relapsed. Stress and anxiety, anxiety sensitivity, addiction severity and coping motives predicted craving and relapse. Anxiety sensitivity specifically predicted early relapse. Substance use is a severe mental disorder, with high relapse rates. Substance users high in anxiety sensitivity are particularly prone to relapse during the first six months of treatment. Addiction severity and coping motives need to be taken into account when providing interventional services for substance users. Findings imply the significance of additional psychological attention to methadone maintained patients to prevent craving and relapse.
Keywords: Anxiety Sensitivity, Coping Motives, Substance Use, Craving, Relapse
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Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Psycology


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Heydari R, Kalantari P. P73: Anxiety Sensitivity and Coping Motives Predict Substance Use Craving and Relapse. Shefaye Khatam. 2014; 2 (S1) :97-97
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-196-en.html


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