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Shefaye Khatam 2015, 3 - The Autumn Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 3 -: 33-33 Back to browse issues page
P6: Perspective of Stem Cell Therapy for Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury
Maryam Borhani-Haghighi *, Sara Abdolahi, Sedigheh Ghasemi
a. Shefa Neuroscience Research Center, Khatam Alanbia Hospital, Tehran, Iran b. Department of Anatomy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , borhanihm@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2707 Views)

In worldwide, an estimated 40 cases per 1 million people reported with new spinal cord injuries each year. People with spinal cord injuries suffer from severe physical, psychological, social and economic problems. Damaged or lost cells canchr('39')t be replaced when the spinal cord is injured; therefore, its function becomes disturbed permanently. Despite the significant advances in the understanding of spinal cord injuries (SCI), there has been limited success in treatment of SCI at the preclinical stage. Studies have shown that a transplantation of stem cells may contribute to spinal cord repair by replacement of damaged nerve cells; creating cells that will reform myelin sheath; keeping the cells from further damage at the injury site by releasing protective substances, and eliminate toxins from the environment such as free radicals to prevent the spread of damage by repressing the inflammation that can take place after injury. Different types of stem cells, from a variety of sources, including brain tissue, mucosa of nasal cavity, dental pulp, and embryonic stem cells have been studied for the treatment of spinal cord injury. Substitution of damaged neurons or oligodendrocytes is a significant goal of stem cells transplantation. Achievements in stem cells transplantation in SCI have been considerable but limited. Genetic manipulation of stem cells to over express of neural or glial markers was shown to direct differentiation to neuron or oligodendrogliocyte. Risks associated with stem cells transplantation for treatment of SCI, including the formation of tumors or abnormal circuit that leads to dysfunction should be noticed besides the benefits of this approach.

Keywords: Stem Cells, Transplantation, Spinal Cord Injury
Full-Text [PDF 173 kb]   (852 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Basic research in Neuroscience

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Borhani-Haghighi M, Abdolahi S, Ghasemi S. P6: Perspective of Stem Cell Therapy for Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury. Shefaye Khatam. 2015; 3 (S3) :33-33
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-850-en.html

Volume 3 - The Autumn Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 3 - Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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