:: دوره 12، شماره 1 - ( زمستان 1402 ) ::
دوره 12 شماره 1 صفحات 43-34 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
بررسی اثربخشی تمرینات ادراکی-حرکتی اسپارک بر تمرکز و حافظه فعال در کودکان دارای اختلال نقص توجه/بیش فعالی
گلزار حسینی ، زلیخا چارباش*
گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد، ایران ، zoleikhacharbash@gmail.com
چکیده:   (493 مشاهده)
مقدمه: اختلال نقص توجه/ بیش‌فعالی یکی از شایع‌ترین اختلالات در کودکان است که به طور مستقیم آینده تحصیلی و کاری کودکان را تحت تاثیر قرار می دهد. از این رو در این پژوهش به تأثیر تمرینات شناختی اسپارک بر دو مؤلفه اصلی تمرکز و حافظه کاری در این اختلال می‌پردازیم. مواد و روش‌ها: روش پژوهش از نوع آزمایشی نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون، پس‌آزمون و پیگیری بود. این پژوهش بر روی کودکان دختر پایه اول تا سوم مدارس شهر مهاباد انجام شد. روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و روش تقسیم کودکان در گروه‌ها تصادفی بود. حجم نمونه 30 نفر بود که 15 نفر در گروه آزمایش و 15 نفر در گروه کنترل قرار گرفتند. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون هوش وکسلر برای کودکان (ویرایش چهارم) جمع آوری و با آزمون واریانس با اندازه‌گیری‌های مکرر مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. یافته‌ها: نتایج به‌دست‌آمده از تحلیل واریانس برای متغیرهای وابسته نشان داد که در گروه درمان، نمرات متغیرهای تمرکز و حافظه کاری در مرحله پس‌آزمون و پیگیری نسبت به مرحله پیش‌آزمون افزایش معنی‌داری داشت. نتیجه‌گیری: داده‌های ما نشان داد که انجام تمرینات ادراکی- حرکتی اسپارک بر تمرکز و حافظه کاری کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نقص توجه- بیش‌فعالی، رویکردی موثر و قابل استفاده در طراحی برنامه‌های مداخله‌ای است.
 
واژه‌های کلیدی: توجه، حافظه کوتاه مدت، اختلال کم توجهی همراه با بیش‌فعالی
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: روانشناسی
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دوره 12، شماره 1 - ( زمستان 1402 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها