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Shefaye Khatam 2017, 5 - The Spring Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 2 -: 16-16 Back to browse issues page
O 16: Challenge in Diagnosis and Management of Autoimmune Encephalitis
Behnaz Sedighi *
Neurology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , behnaz.sedighi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2708 Views)

The first description of an autoimmune encephalitis dates back to 1888, when Hermann Oppenheim described a patient with neurological symptoms but no underlying brain pathology. The field of autoimmune encephalitides associated with antibodies targeting cell-surface antigens is rapidly expanding and new antibodies are discovered frequently. Autoimmune encephalitis is a difficult clinical diagnosis due to the similarities in the clinical, imaging and laboratory findings of many forms of autoimmune and infectious encephalitis. Treatment for suspected autoimmune encephalitis is often given empirically prior to specific antibody test results. This may include steroids and/or IVIG. The proper diagnosis and management of autoimmune encephalitis requires an organized approach. Evaluation should begin with a detailed history and physical examination to detect clues to specific causes. A diverse range of infections should be considered, and appropriate testing should be done to exclude relevant pathogens.

Keywords: Antibody, Autoimmune, Patient
Full-Text [PDF 376 kb]   (914 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Basic research in Neuroscience

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Sedighi B. O 16: Challenge in Diagnosis and Management of Autoimmune Encephalitis. Shefaye Khatam. 2017; 5 (S2) :16-16
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-1242-en.html

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Volume 5 - The Spring Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 2 - Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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