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Shefaye Khatam 2018, 6 - The Spring Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 1 -: 214-214 Back to browse issues page
P183: Key Function of Complement System in Interactions between Pain and Nociceptors, C5a, and C3a
Moosa Javdani *, Abolfazl Barzegar Bafrouei, Elham Karimipour
Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran , 950barzegar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1107 Views)
A part of the immune system that improves (complements) the ability of antibodies and phagocytic cells to clear microorganisms and injured cells from an organism, attacks the pathogenchr('39')s cell membrane, and encourages inflammation called complement system. It is main part of immune system. Over thirty proteins and protein pieces compose the complement system, including cell membrane receptors, and serum proteins. The complement system activates by 3 biochemical pathways: the alternative complement pathway, the classical complement pathway, and the lectin pathway. The complement system is a main portion of the innate protection. Effectors of the complement cascade attack microorganisms, activate basophils and mast cells, and promote chemotaxis of white blood cells (WBC). The complement system also has a function in inflammatory hyperalgesia and neuropathic pain. C5a, an anaphylatoxin, is a main effector of the complement cataract and upon banding to C5aR1 receptors on neutrophils it develops a potent neutrophil absorbent. Complement segments also have a direct effect on nociceptors. Injection of C3a and C5a into the hind-paw of mice or rats influences behavioral hyperalgesia. Using of C3a or C5a to peripheral nerves ex vivo sensitizes C fiber nociceptors. This effect might be mediated by a direct effect of banding C5a receptors. C5a activates spinal microglia in neuropathic pain and C5a block of the complement cascade in the spinal cord reverses neuropathic pain behavior and is also participated in neuropathic pain.
Keywords: Complement System, Pain, Nociceptors, C5a, C3a
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Type of Study: Review --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Basic research in Neuroscience

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Javdani M, Barzegar Bafrouei A, karimipour E. P183: Key Function of Complement System in Interactions between Pain and Nociceptors, C5a, and C3a. Shefaye Khatam. 2018; 6 (S1) :214-214
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-1717-en.html

Volume 6 - The Spring Supplement of Shefaye Khatam 1 - Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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