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:: Volume 6, Issue 3 (Summer - 2018) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2018, 6(3): 19-24 Back to browse issues page
Detection of Human Herpes Virus Type 6 and Varicella Zoster Virus in the Urine of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis in Kerman Province, Iran
Kimia Esmaili, Kumarss Amini *
Department of Microbiology, School of Basic Sciences, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, Iran , dr_kumarss_amini@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3355 Views)
Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the CNS in which autoimmunity to myelin plays a role in pathogenesis. Infection with common viruses, particularly varicella zoster virus (VZV) and Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) are postulated to contribute to the pathobiology of MS. The aim of this study was to detect of HHV-6 and VZV in the urine samples of patients with MS in the Kerman province, Iran. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 60 non-repetitive urine samples from patients with MS and 60 urine samples from healthy people without any neurological disease and urinary tract infection were collected. The infection with HHV- 6 and VZV were investigated using multiplex PCR method. Results: Of the 60 urine samples obtained from MS patients, 23 (13.8%) and 7 (4.2%) were positive for HHV-6 and VZV, respectively. VZV and HHV-6 were not detected simultaneously in any of obtained samples. HHV-6 and VZV were not found in any samples obtained from healthy people. Conclusion: The prevalence of HHV-6 and VZV viruses in MS patients is high, which may suggest an association between MS and the presence of these viruses in this region.
Keywords: Multiple Sclerosis, Herpesvirus 6, Human, Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction, Autoimmunity
Full-Text [PDF 671 kb]   (1558 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Molecular Neurobiology
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Esmaili K, Amini K. Detection of Human Herpes Virus Type 6 and Varicella Zoster Virus in the Urine of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis in Kerman Province, Iran. Shefaye Khatam. 2018; 6 (3) :19-24
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-1745-en.html

Volume 6, Issue 3 (Summer - 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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