[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit ::
:: Volume 8, Issue 3 (Summer - 2020) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2020, 8(3): 61-69 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Exam Anxiety in Healthy Subjects using Brain Signals Analysis
Parisa Ghafourian, Majid Ghoshuni *, Iraj Vosoogh
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran , ghoshuni@mshdiau.ac.ir
Abstract:   (262 Views)
Introduction: Recent studies have proven that anxiety disorders have the highest abundance throughout the world. Almost everyone has experienced an anxiety. This anxiety can have an agonizing impact on a person’s life; however, anxiety can also be invigorating. Invigorating anxiety pushes a person to work with a goal in mind, while the more detrimental type of anxiety limits his or her attention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the brain function in test anxiety during answering mathematical questions. Material and Methods: In this experiment, 22 participants (9 male and 13 female) divided in two groups of test and control. Speelberger and ASRS anxiety tests were taken from all of the participants. Then electroencephalogram signal was recorded on 19 channels for 5 minutes with their eyes open and they were taking a conceptual math test simultaneously. In comparison with the control group, the test group had a shorter time to answer the questions and the video of the test group subjects was recorded while answering to a serious tester. After signal preprocessing, using Neuroguide software, frequency band powers of brain signal was extracted and the inattentional index (Theta/Beta ratio) was compared between the test and control groups using paired sample t-test. Results: In the test group, a significant decrease in theta to beta index was observed during math test compared to the eyes open condition on T3 (p=0.077, t=1.96), T4 (p=0.026, t=2.619)), T5 (p=0.084, t=1.91) channels. Besides, a nearly significant correlation (r=0.4055, p=0.0612) was found between false answers and percent change of theta/beta index during math test compared to rest condition. Conclusion: Anxiety in the test group was invigorating and reduced test error and inattention index. In the healthy subjects, due to the imposing anxiety from tester, the level of attention of the subjects increased significantly and their error in answering the questions decreased.
Keywords: Performance Anxiety, Electroencephalography, Psychological Phenomena
Full-Text [PDF 824 kb]   (43 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Basic research in Neuroscience
 

References
1. Arghavanian Z, Khanjani Z, Poursharifi H. Relationship between Tabriz elementary students' mothers' personality disorders and antisocial behavioral disorder of children in 2008-2009. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2010; 9: 1955-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.429]
2. Jahanian Najafabadi ASM, Rahmani M, Rahmani M, Imani H. The effect of neurofeedback training on reduce of anxiety. J Res Behave Sci. 2014; 11(6): 657-64.
3. Kaplan HI, Sadock BJ, Grebb JA. Kaplan and Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences, clinical psychiatry. 11th ed wolters kluwer: Williams & Wilkins Co. 2007; p. 387-418.
4. Hashemi Fesharaki M, Shahgholian N, Kashani F. Effect of stress inoculation training on the levels of stress, anxiety, and depression in hemodialysis patients. Urmia Nursing and Midwifery Faculty. 2016; 14(1): 88-99.
5. Hong E. Test anxiety, perceived test difficulty, and test performance: Temporal patterns of their effects. Learn Individ Differ. 1999; 11(4): 431-47. [DOI:10.1016/S1041-6080(99)80012-0]
6. Arefi M, Momeni K, Mohsenzadeh F. The effect of cognitive and relaxation therapy on student's test anxiety. Journal of Kermanshah University Medical Sciences. 2012; 16(2): 125-31.
7. Cassady JC, Johnson RE. Cognitive test anxiety and academic performance. Contemporary Educational Psychology. . 2002; 27(2): 270-95. [DOI:10.1006/ceps.2001.1094]
8. Morris RJ, Mather N. Evidence-based interventions for students with learning and behavioral challenges. New York: Routledge. 2008; p. 83-95. [DOI:10.4324/9780203938546]
9. King NJ, Ollendick TH, Gullone E. School-related fears of children and adolescents. Aust J educ. 1990; 34(1): 99-112. [DOI:10.1177/000494419003400107]
10. Najafian J, Akhavan TA. Comparison of the effect of relaxation and biofeedback-assisted relaxation on stress and anxiety score in patients with mild hypertension. Jahrom Medical Journal. 2011; 9: 8-12.
11. Öst L-G, Breitholtz E. Applied relaxation vs. cognitive therapy in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Behav Res Ther. 2000; 38(8): 777-90. [DOI:10.1016/S0005-7967(99)00095-9]
12. Amiri Majd M, Shahmoradi A. The effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy on reducing students test anxiety behavioral sciences. 2009; 1(1): 53-64.
13. Putman P, Verkuil B, Arias-Garcia E, Pantazi I, van Schie C. EEG theta/beta ratio as a potential biomarker for attentional control and resilience against deleterious effects of stress on attention. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2014; 14(2): 782-91. [DOI:10.3758/s13415-013-0238-7]
14. Demerdzieva A, Pop-Jordanova N. Relation between frontal alpha asymmetry and anxiety in young patients with generalized anxiety disorder. Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki). 2015; 36(2): 157-77. [DOI:10.1515/prilozi-2015-0064]
15. Klados MA, Paraskevopoulos E, Pandria N, Bamidis PD. The impact of math anxiety on working memory: A cortical activations and cortical functional connectivity EEG study. IEEE Access. 2019; 7: 15027-39. [DOI:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2892808]
16. Batashvili M, Staples PA, Baker I, Sheffield D. Exploring the relationship between gamma-band activity and maths anxiety. Cognition and Emotion. 2019; 33(8):1-11. [DOI:10.1080/02699931.2019.1590317]
17. Mahram B. Standardization of spielberger anxiety test in Mashhad. Master of Science Thesis, Allameh Tabataba'i University. 1994.
18. Fathi Ashtiani A. Psychological tests personality and mental health. 14th ed. Besat Publication Institute, Tehran. 2018; p. 352-56.
19. Kessler RC, Adler L, Ames M, Demler O, Faraone S, et al. The world health organization adult adhd self-report scale (asrs): a short screening scale for use in the general population. Psychol Med. , 2005; 35(2): 245-56. [DOI:10.1017/S0033291704002892]
20. Mokhtari H, Rabiei M, Salimi SH. Psychometric properties of the persian version of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder self-report scale. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry & Clinical Psychology. 2015; 21(3): 244-53. [DOI:10.1037/t67913-000]



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghafourian P, Ghoshuni M, Vosoogh I. Evaluation of Exam Anxiety in Healthy Subjects using Brain Signals Analysis. Shefaye Khatam. 2020; 8 (3) :61-69
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-2122-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 3 (Summer - 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 4212