[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles Archive::
Guide for Authors::
For Reviewers::
Ethical Statements::
Site Facilities::
Contact us::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
Copyright Policies




Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2021) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2021, 10(1): 75-84 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Yoga and Table Tennis Exercises on Static and Dynamic Balance of Deaf Children: the Role of Balance Sensory Receptors and Neural Mechanisms of Open and Closed- Loop Control
Mohammad Jalilvand *
Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran , jalilvandmohammad@iauksh.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2432 Views)
Introduction: In various studies, balance defects have been reported in deaf children compared to normal individuals. Static and dynamic balance tasks and different sports have different dependencies on the sensory systems with different control mechanisms, including open or closed-loop control. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of yoga and table tennis exercises on the static and dynamic balance of deaf children. Materials and Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental investigation. The statistical population of the present study was all deaf 12- year- old boys (n=30) in Kermanshah, Iran. Initially, static and dynamic balance and anthropometric characteristics of children were recorded using stork and star balance tests. Then, Subjects were randomly assigned into two groups of open control loop exercises (table tennis) and closed control loop exercises (yoga). Participants in both groups performed their training program for 8 weeks and three sessions per week. Results: The results showed that open and closed control loop exercises had different effects on the static and dynamic balance of deaf children. Participation in yoga exercises significantly improved static balance with closed eyes compared to participation in table tennis exercises. On the other hand, table tennis exercises had a significant effect on improving the dynamic balance of deaf children compared to yoga exercises. Conclusion: Yoga exercises (closed control loop exercises) had a greater effect on static balance, whereas table tennis exercises (open control loop exercises) lead to a better dynamic balance in deaf children.
Keywords: Deaf children, Open control loop, Closed control loop, Static balance, Dynamic balance
Full-Text [PDF 1008 kb]   (551 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Neurorehabilation
1. Veiskarami P, Roozbahani M. Motor development in deaf children based on Gallahue's model: a review study. Auditory and Vestibular Research. 2020; 29(1): 10-25. [DOI:10.18502/avr.v29i1.2364]
2. Kronenberger WG, Colson BG, Henning SC, Pisoni DB. Executive functioning and speech-language skills following long-term use of cochlear implants. Journal of deaf studies and deaf education. 2014; 19(4): 456-70. [DOI:10.1093/deafed/enu011]
3. Sahebozamani M, Salari A, Daneshjoo A, Karimi Afshar F. Assessment of Balance Recovery Strategies During Manipulation of Somatosensory, Vision, and Vestibular Systems in Deaf Persons. USWR. 2019; 9(2): 107-16. [DOI:10.32598/ptj.9.2.107]
4. Arehart KH, Souza P, Baca R, Kates JM. Working memory, age and hearing loss: Susceptibility to hearing aid distortion. Ear and hearing. 2013; 34(3): 251-60. [DOI:10.1097/AUD.0b013e318271aa5e]
5. Norasteh AA, Zarei H. Studying Balance in Deaf People: A Systematic Review Study. Archives of Rehabilitation. 2019; 20(1): 2-15. [DOI:10.32598/rj.20.1.2]
6. Shum SBM, Pang MYC. Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder have impaired balance function: involvement of somatosensory, visual, and vestibular systems. The Journal of pediatrics. 2009; 155(2): 245-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2009.02.032]
7. Zang Y, Gu B, Qian Q, Wang Y. Objective measurement of the balance dysfunction in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder children. Chin J Clin Rehabil. 2002; 6: 1372-4.
8. Melo RdS, Lemos A, Macky CFdST, Raposo MCF, Ferraz KM. Postural control assessment in students with normal hearing and sensorineural hearing loss. Brazilian Journal of otorhinolaryngology. 2015; 81(4): 431-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.bjorl.2014.08.014]
9. Jafari Z, Malayeri S, Rezazadeh N, HajiHeydari F. Static and dynamic balance in congenital severe to profound hearing-impaired children. Audiology. 2011; 20(2): 102-12.
10. Effgen SK. Effect of an exercise program on the static balance of deaf children. Physical therapy. 1981; 61(6): 873-7. [DOI:10.1093/ptj/61.6.873]
11. Lewis S, Higham L, Cherry DB. Development of an exercise program to improve the static and dynamic balance of profoundly hearing-impaired children. American annals of the deaf. 1985; 130(4): 278-84. [DOI:10.1353/aad.2012.1020]
12. Khodashenas E, Moradi H, Asadi Ghaleni M, Heydari E, Shams A, Enayati A, et al. The effect of selective training program on the static and dynamic balance of Deaf Children. medical journal of mashhad university of medical sciences. 2017; 60(1): 383-91.
13. Bressel E, Yonker JC, Kras J, Heath EM. Comparison of static and dynamic balance in female collegiate soccer, basketball, and gymnastics athletes. Journal of athletic training. 2007; 42(1): 42-6.
14. Kartal A. Comparison of static balance in different athletes. The Anthropologist. 2014; 18(3): 811-5. [DOI:10.1080/09720073.2014.11891613]
15. Schmidt RA, Lee TD, Winstein C, Wulf G, Zelaznik HN. Motor control and learning: A behavioral emphasis: Human kinetics. 2018; 225-58.
16. Utley A. Motor control, learning and development: Instant notes: Routledge. 2018;127-46. [DOI:10.4324/9781315102481]
17. Hatzitaki V, Zlsi V, Kollias I, Kioumourtzoglou E. Perceptual-motor contributions to static and dynamic balance control in children. Journal of motor behavior. 2002; 34(2): 161-70. [DOI:10.1080/00222890209601938]
18. Williams T. Perceptual-motor contributions to static and dynamic balance control in children. Pediatric Physical Therapy. 2003; 15(2): 135-7. [DOI:10.1097/01.PEP.0000072447.53166.9D]
19. Perrin P, Deviterne D, Hugel F, Perrot C. Judo, better than dance, develops sensorimotor adaptabilities involved in balance control. Gait & posture. 2002; 15(2): 187-94. [DOI:10.1016/S0966-6362(01)00149-7]
20. Bednarczuk G, Molik B, Morgulec-Adamowicz N, Kosmol A, Wiszomirska I, Rutkowska I, et al. Static balance of visually impaired paralympic goalball players. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 2017; 12(5): 611-7. [DOI:10.1177/1747954117727791]
21. Jarraya S, Wagner M, Jarraya M, Engel FA. 12 weeks of Kindergarten-based yoga practice increases visual attention, visual-motor precision and decreases behavior of inattention and hyperactivity in 5- year- old children. Frontiers in psychology. 2019; 10: 769-74. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00796]
22. Jeter PE, Nkodo AF, Moonaz SH, Dagnelie G. A systematic review of yoga for balance in a healthy population. The journal of alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2014; 20(4): 221-32. [DOI:10.1089/acm.2013.0378]
23. Schmid AA, Van Puymbroeck M, Koceja DM. Effect of a 12-week yoga intervention on fear of falling and balance in older adults: a pilot study. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2010; 91(4): 576-83. [DOI:10.1016/j.apmr.2009.12.018]
24. Basiri F, Farsi A, Abdoli B, Kavyani M. The effect of visual and tennis training on perceptual-motor skill and learning of forehand drive in table tennis players. Journal of Modern Rehabilitation. 2020 May 28; 14(1): 21-32. [DOI:10.32598/JMR.14.1.3]
25. Pan CY, Tsai CL, Chu CH, Sung MC, Huang CY, Ma WY. Effects of physical exercise intervention on motor skills and executive functions in children with ADHD: A pilot study. Journal of attention disorders. 2019; 23(4): 384-97. [DOI:10.1177/1087054715569282]
26. Tsai CL. The effectiveness of exercise intervention on inhibitory control in children with developmental coordination disorder: Using a visuospatial attention paradigm as a model. Research in developmental disabilities. 2009; 30(6): 1268-80. [DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2009.05.001]
27. Rasoolyar Z, Jalilvand M. Effectiveness of Yoga Exercises on Static and Dynamic Balance in Children with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder. The Scientific Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2020; 9(4): 278-88.
28. Rashidipoor S, Rahavi ER, Namazizadeh M. The Effects of Yoga and Neurofeedback on Reduction Disorder Attention and Focus 5-10 Old Children. Sport Psycology Studies 2017; 6(20): 37-48.
29. Johnson BL, Nelson JK. Practical measurements for evaluation in physical education. 4th Edit ed. Minneapolis: Burgess: ERIC. 1979; 164-78.
30. Babadi A, Nazemzadegan G, Hadianfard H. The Effect of Ball Exercises on Static and Dynamic Balance in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. The Scientific Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2017; 6(3): 118-24.
31. Bakhshipour E, Rahnama N, Sourtiji H, Eskandari Z, Izadi Najafabadi S. Comparing the effects of an aerobic exercise program and group-based play therapy on the balance of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. J Res Rehabil Sci 2013; 9(2): 161-70.
32. Gribble PA, Hertel J. Considerations for normalizing measures of the Star Excursion Balance Test. Measurement in physical education and exercise science. 2003; 7(2): 89-100. [DOI:10.1207/S15327841MPEE0702_3]
33. Eskandarnejad M, Jahedi Khajeh M, Rezaee F. Impact of Perceptual-Motor Training Basketball on Balance Function of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder %J The Scientific Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2017; 6(3): 135-43.
34. Bednarczuk G, Wiszomirska I, Marszałek J, Rutkowska I, Skowroński W. Static balance of visually impaired athletes in open and closed skill sports. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism. 2017; 24(1): 10-14. [DOI:10.1515/pjst-2017-0002]
35. Molik B, Krzak J. Goalball. Team sports games for persons with locomotor disability, the intellectually disabled, the blind, and the visually impaired. 2009: 55-86.
36. Chand D, Nuhmani S, John S. Comparison of the effects of retro walking and stretching on balance and flexibility. Sports Medicine Journal. 2013; 9(4): 2251-57.
37. Vuillerme N, Nougier V. Attentional demand for regulating postural sway: the effect of expertise in gymnastics. Brain Research Bulletin. 2004; 63(2): 161-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.brainresbull.2004.02.006]
38. Romero-Franco N, Martínez-López E, Lomas-Vega R, Hita-Contreras F, Martínez-Amat A. Effects of proprioceptive training program on core stability and center of gravity control in sprinters. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2012; 26(8): 2071-7. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31823b06e6]
39. Williams AM, Weigelt C, Harris M, Scott MA. Age-related differences in vision and proprioception in a lower limb interceptive task: The effects of skill level and practice. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 2002;1;73(4): 386-95. [DOI:10.1080/02701367.2002.10609038]
40. Nagy E, Toth K, Janositz G, Kovacs G, Feher-Kiss A, Angyan L, et al. Postural control in athletes participating in an ironman triathlon. European journal of applied physiology. 2004; 92(4): 407-13. [DOI:10.1007/s00421-004-1157-7]

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

jalilvand M. Effectiveness of Yoga and Table Tennis Exercises on Static and Dynamic Balance of Deaf Children: the Role of Balance Sensory Receptors and Neural Mechanisms of Open and Closed- Loop Control. Shefaye Khatam 2021; 10 (1) :75-84
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-2210-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.07 seconds with 45 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652