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:: Volume 3, Issue 4 (Autumn - 2015) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2015, 3(4): 10-16 Back to browse issues page
The Evaluation of Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Working Memory in Valproic Acid Animal Model of Autism
Zahra Borzou , Mohammad Amin Edalatmanesh *
Department of Physiology, College of Sciences, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran , amin.edalatmanesh@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1677 Views)

Introduction: Autism, a complex neurodevelopmental disorder, is characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, as well as restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Changes in serum level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) play a role in autism etiology. However, the serum levels and the mechanism of action of BDNF in autism are needed to be elucidated. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the serum levels of BDNF and its relation with working memory in valproic acid animal model of autism. Materials and Methods: Female Sprague Dawley rats were divided into two Phosphate-Buffered Saline receiver (PBS) and Valproic Acid receiver (VPA) groups. The pregnant rats were recieved VPA (500 mg/kg/ip) or PBS for 12.5 days after gestation. We evaluated the offspring in postnatal days 30 and 60. To measure changes in working memory and the periodic behaviors of the animals, Y maze test was used. In addition, the serum levels of BDNF were determined by ELISA method. Results: Increased alteration behavior was observed in Y-maze test among offspring received VPA group compared to control rats. The serum levels of BDNF in VPA rats were significantly higher than PBS group. Conclusion: BDNF increases accompanied by enhancement of periodic behaviors in VPA rats suggested a crucial role of this protein in working memory of autistic individuals.

Keywords: Autistic Disorder, Valproic Acid, Memory, Short-Term
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Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Basic research in Neuroscience

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Borzou Z, Edalatmanesh M A. The Evaluation of Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Working Memory in Valproic Acid Animal Model of Autism. Shefaye Khatam. 2015; 3 (4) :10-16
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-735-en.html

Volume 3, Issue 4 (Autumn - 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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