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Shefaye Khatam 2020, 9(1): 120-130 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the Effectiveness of Mental Training and Treatment Based on Acceptance and Commitment on Rumination and Anxiety in Subjects with Body Dysmorphic Disorder
Fahimeh Maheronnaghsh, Farah Naderi *, Saeed Bakhtiyarpor, Sahar Safarzadeh
Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran , nmafrah@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1051 Views)
Introduction: Body dysmorphic disorder is one of the obsessive-compulsive disorders, which is characterized by rumination and obsessive worries about imaginary defects in appearance. Today, the significant referral of people with this disorder to dermatologists, cosmetologists, and plastic surgeons is a sign of difficulties in diagnosis and appropriate treatments for this disorder. this study aimed to compare the effectiveness of mental training and treatment based on acceptance and commitment on rumination and worry in people with body dysmorphic disorder in Ahvaz, Iran. Materials and Methods: The research design was experimental with pre–test/post-test, control group, and follow-up. The statistical population included 280 individuals who had been referred to counseling centers in Ahvaz in 2019 due to body dysmorphic disorder. Based on the sample size of a similar research design, 100 subjects were selected voluntarily. Then 45 people who obtained the highest scores from the Body Deformity Questionnaire of Rabiee et al. (2011) were selected by purposive sampling method and randomly assigned to two experimental and one control groups. Data were collected via implementing Nolen Hocsma and Morrow (1991) Rumination Questionnaire and the Pennsylvania Concern Questionnaire (1990). Results: The results of multivariate analysis of covariance showed that in the post-test and follow-up stages, mental training and treatment based on acceptance and commitment were effective on rumination and worry. Furthermore, the efficacy of treatment based on acceptance and commitment was significantly greater than mental training. However, in the follow-up phase, no difference was observed between the effectiveness of the two interventions on rumination and worry. Conclusion: Mental training and acceptance and commitment therapy can be used to reduce rumination and worry in body dysmorphic disorder.
Keywords: Body Dysmorphic Disorders, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
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Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Psycology
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maheronnaghsh F, naderi F, bakhtiyarpor S, safarzadeh S. Comparison of the Effectiveness of Mental Training and Treatment Based on Acceptance and Commitment on Rumination and Anxiety in Subjects with Body Dysmorphic Disorder. Shefaye Khatam. 2020; 9 (1) :120-130
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Volume 9, Issue 1 (Winter 2020) Back to browse issues page
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