[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles Archive::
Guide for Authors::
For Reviewers::
Ethical Statements::
Site Facilities::
Contact us::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
Copyright Policies




Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (Autumn 2021) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2021, 9(4): 60-70 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the Effectiveness of Min Dfulness- Based Cognitive Therapy with Compassion- Focused Therapy on Resilience and Psychological Well- Being of Subjects with Multiple Sclerosis
Morteza Akbarpor , Maryam Sharifiyan Ghazijahani , Hadi Smkhani akbarinejhad *
Department of Psychology, University College of Nabi Akram, Tabriz, Iran , hadiakbarinejhad@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1962 Views)
Introduction: As multiple sclerosis (MS) affects both the body and mind, people with MS need to be treated by both pharmacological and psychological interventions. Psychological interventions include using a variety of counseling and psychotherapy approaches, such as mindfulness- based cognitive therapy and compassion-focused therapy. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of mindfulness- based cognitive therapy and compassion-focused therapy on resilience and psychological well- being in patients with MS. Materials and Methods: This study was semi-experimental with a pre- test, post- test control group design. This study consisted of all men with MS in Tabriz who were members of the MS Society in 2018. In total, 30 men were selected and randomly divided into three groups by a purposive sampling method. Members of both experimental groups received their treatment, respectively, in eight sessions of 1.5 hours; however, the control group did not receive any treatment. Results: There was no significant difference between resilience and psychological well-being scores in the treatment and control groups in the pre-test. The results showed that mindfulness- based cognitive therapy and compassion-focused therapy compared to the control group led to increased resilience & psychological well-being in MS patients in the post- test. In the follow-up phase, the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and compassion-focused therapy on resilience and psychological well-being persisted. Furthermore, the impact of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and compassion-focused therapy on resilience and psychological well-being in the post-test and follow- up was significantly not different. Conclusion: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and compassion-focused therapy are likely to reduce anxiety, thereby better coping with the disease and increasing resilience and psychological well- being in patients with MS.
Keywords: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Multiple Sclerosis, Psychosocial Intervention
Full-Text [PDF 1829 kb]   (1245 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Psycology
1. National Multiple Sclerosis Society. WHAT IS MS? [Cited 2019 Oct 22]. Available from: https://www.nationalmssociety.org
2. Talebzadeh M, Asemi M. National Assessment of patients with Multiple Sclerosis. Fourth International Congress of MS: Iran. 2010; 152-5. [Persian].
3. McCabe PM. Mood and self-esteem of persons with multiple sclerosis following an exacerbation. J Psychosomat Res. 2005; 59: 161-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2005.04.010]
4. KhezriMoghadam N, Ghorbani N, Bahrami H, Rostami R. Effectiveness of group therapy in reducing psychological symptoms in patients with MS. J Clin Psychol. 2012; 4(1): 13-22 . [Persian].
5. Ziaian T, De Anstiss H, Georgia A, Baghurst P, Sawyer M. Resilience and its association with depression, emotional and behavioral problems, and mental health service utilization among refugee adolescents living in South Australia. IJPR. 2012; 22: 9-17. [DOI:10.1155/2012/485956]
6. Dalmida SG, Koenig HG, Holstad MM, Wirani MM. The psychological well-being of people living with HIV/AIDS and the role of religious coping and social support. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2013; 46(1): 57-83. [DOI:10.2190/PM.46.1.e]
7. Oraki M, Sami P. The Effect of Mindfulness Integrated Behavior- Cognitive Therapy on psychological well-being and quality of life among multiple sclerosis patients. HPJ. 2017; 5(20): 34-47. [Persian].
8. Conner K M, Davidson J R. Development of a new resilience scale: The Conner - Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). DEPRESS ANXIETY. 2003; 18(2): 76-82. [DOI:10.1002/da.10113]
9. Pinquart M. Moderating effect of dispositional resilience on association between hassles and psychological distress. JADP. 2009; 30: 1-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.appdev.2008.10.005]
10. Catalano D, Chan F, Wilson L. The buffering effect of resilience on depression among individuals with spinal cord injury. JPRMH. 2011; 56(3): 200-11. [DOI:10.1037/a0024571]
11. Bauer H, Emeny R T, Baumert J, Ladwig K-H. Resilience moderates the association between chronic pain and depressive symptoms in the elderly. Eur. J. Pain. 2016; 20(8): 1253-65. [DOI:10.1002/ejp.850]
12. Tajikzade F, Sadeghi R, Raees karimian F. The comparison of resilience, coping style and pain catastrophizing in cancer patients and normal people. JAP. 2016; 7(3): 38-48. [Persian].
13. Weiss L A, Westerhof G J, Bohlmeijer ET. Can We Increase Psychological Well-Being? The Effects of Interventions on Psychological Well-Being: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Plos One. 2016; 11(6): e0158092. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0158092]
14. Ryff CD. Articolo Target. Psychological well-being and health: Past, present and future. PIlla. 2016; 1: 7-26. [DOI:10.3280/PDS2016-001002]
15. Kleiman EM, Chiara AM, Liu RT, Jager-Hyman SJ, Choi JY, Alloy DB. Optimism and well-being: A prospective multi-method and multi-dimensional examination of optimism as a resilience factor following the occurrence of stressful life events. Cogn Emot. 2018; 31(2): 269-83. [DOI:10.1080/02699931.2015.1108284]
16. Schapiro RT. Managing the symptoms of multiple sclerosis. New York: Demos; 2014: 123-4.
17. Rattue P. Stress reduction therapy could significantly help MS patients. Medical News Today. [Cited 2014 Oct 21].
18. Emanuel AS, Updegraff JA, Kalmbach AD, Ciesla J A. The role of mindfulness facets in affective forecasting. PIDJ. 2010; 49: 815-18. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2010.06.012]
19. McCarney RW, Schulz J, Grey AR. Effectiveness of mindfulness-based therapies in reducing symptoms of depression: A meta-analysis. EJPC. 2012; 14(3): 279-99. [DOI:10.1080/13642537.2012.713186]
20. Michalak J, Burg J, Heidenreich T. Don't Forget Your Body: Mindfulness, Embodiment and the Treatment of Depression. Mindfulness. 2012; 3(3): 190-9. [DOI:10.1007/s12671-012-0107-4]
21. Ghodspour Z, Najafi M, Rahimian Boogar I. Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on Psychological Aspects of Quality of Life, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Among Patients With Multiple Sclerosis. JPCP. 2018; 6(4): 215-22. [Persian]. [DOI:10.32598/jpcp.6.4.215]
22. Maazinezhad M, Arefi M, Farnoodi F. The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Group Therapy in Reducing Perceived Stress in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2018; 7(1): 1-5. [Persian]. [DOI:10.5812/jcrps.79974]
23. Pagnini F, Phillips D, Bosma CM, Reece A, Langer E. Mindfulness, physical impairment and psychological well-being in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Psychol Health. 2015; 30(5): 503-17. [DOI:10.1080/08870446.2014.982652]
24. Oraki M, Sami P. Investigating the Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on the Perception of Disease and its Severity in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. So Cogn. 2016; 5(2): 107-19. [Persian].
25. Ashworth F, Gracey F, Gilbert P. Compassion focused therapy after traumatic brain injury: Theoretical foundations and a case illustration. BIJ. 2011; 12(2): 128-39. [DOI:10.1375/brim.12.2.128]
26. Gilbert P. Introducing compassion-focused therapy. BJPsych Advances. 2009; 15(3): 199-208. [DOI:10.1192/apt.bp.107.005264]
27. Ghator Z, Pouryahya S, Davarniya R, Salimi A, Shakarami M. The Effect of Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT) on Resiliency of Women with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Armaghane danesh. 2018; 23(3): 350-63. [Persian].
28. Salimi A, Arsalandeh F, Zahrakar K, Davarniya R, Shakarami M. The Effectiveness of Compassion-Focused Therapy on Mental Health of Women with Multiple Sclerosis. Horizon Med Sci. 2018; 24(2): 125-31. [Persian].
29. Zamanian Najafabdi M.The effectiveness of compassion-based treatment on dysfunctional attitudes, Self-criticism and compassion for the patients with M. S. Master's Degree in Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch, 2018: 94-5. [Persian].
30. Ahangarzadeh Rezaei S. Rasoli M. Psychometric Properties Of the perstan version of "Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale" in adolescents with cancer. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2015; 13(9): 739-47. [Persian].
31. Bayani AA, Mohammad Koochekya A, Bayani A. Reliability and Validity of Ryff's Psychological Well-being Scales. IJPCP. 2008; 14(2): 146-51.
32. Segal ZV, Williams JM, Teasdale JD. Mindfulness Based cognitive therapy for depression. 3nd Ed. New York: The Guilford Press 2013: 86.
33. Williams M, Penman D. Mindfulness: A practical guide to finding peace in a frantic world. 1en ed. Piatkus Books, 2012:45-46. Garland E, Gaylord S, Park J. The role of mindfulness in positive reappraisal. Explore (NY) 2009; 5: 37-44. [DOI:10.1016/j.explore.2008.10.001]

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Akbarpor M, Sharifiyan Ghazijahani M, Smkhani akbarinejhad H. Comparison of the Effectiveness of Min Dfulness- Based Cognitive Therapy with Compassion- Focused Therapy on Resilience and Psychological Well- Being of Subjects with Multiple Sclerosis. Shefaye Khatam 2021; 9 (4) :60-70
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-2088-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 9, Issue 4 (Autumn 2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.42 seconds with 45 queries by YEKTAWEB 4657