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دوره 10 شماره 1 صفحات 55-45 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
اثربخشی تحریک الکتریکی فراجمجمه‌ای مغز بر همدلی و قضاوت اخلاقی کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نافرمانی مقابله‌ای
فرهاد غدیری صورمان آبادی*، خوشدوی ابراهیم زاده، ثریا انوری انبی، نسیم غضنفری
گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران ، farhadghadiri17@yahoo.com
چکیده:   (3622 مشاهده)
مقدمه: اختلال نافرمانی مقابله‌ای یکی از شایع‌ترین اختلال‌های رفتاری مخرب است. امروزه روش‌های غیرتهاجمی مانند تحریک الکتریکی فراجمجمه‌ای مغز برای کنترل و بهبود نشانه‌های اختلالات جایگاه ویژه‌ای یافته‌اند و ممکن است مزایایی نسبت به درمان‌های دارویی داشته باشند. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی اثربخشی تحریک الکتریکی فراجمجمه‌ای مغز بر همدلی و قضاوت اخلاقی کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نافرمانی مقابله‌ای انجام شد. مواد و روش‌ها: طرح پژوهش از نوع نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون– پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل می‌باشد. جامعه آماری پژوهش، کلیه پسران 11-8 ساله مبتلا به اختلال نافرمانی مقابله‌ای مدارس ابتدایی شهر ارومیه در سال 99-1398 بود. از بین کل جامعه هدف به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای تعداد 30 نفر دانش‌آموز دارای اختلال نافرمانی مقابله‌ای با استفاده از پرسشنامه درجه‌بندی اختلال نافرمانی مقابله‌ای (هومرسن و همکاران، 2006)، انتخاب شدند و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (15) و کنترل (15) قرار گرفتند، سپس مقیاس همدلی گریفت (بریانت ، 1982) و پرسشنامه قضاوت اخلاقی (سینها و وارما، 1998) توسط شرکت‌کنندگان تکمیل گردید. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از آمار توصیفی و تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری استفاده شد. یافته‌ها: نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که استفاده از تحریک الکتریکی فراجمجمه‌ای مغز به طور قابل توجهی همدلی و قضاوت اخلاقی را نسبت به گروه کنترل بهبود بخشید. نتیجه‌گیری: این مطالعه حاکی از آن است که روانشناسان و درمانگران می‌توانند از تحریک الکتریکی فراجمجمه‌ای مغز در کنار سایر درمان‌ها برای بهبود همدلی و قضاوت اخلاقی کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نافرمانی مقابله‌ای استفاده کنند.
واژه‌های کلیدی: تحریک‌پذیری قشر مغز، قضاوت، همدلی
متن کامل [PDF 873 kb]   (225 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: علوم اعصاب شناختی
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ghadiri sourman abadi F, ebrahimzadeh K, anvari anbi S, ghazanfari N. The Effectiveness of Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation on Empathy and Moral Judgment of Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder. Shefaye Khatam 2021; 10 (1) :45-55
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-2213-fa.html

غدیری صورمان آبادی فرهاد، ابراهیم زاده خوشدوی، انوری انبی ثریا، غضنفری نسیم. اثربخشی تحریک الکتریکی فراجمجمه‌ای مغز بر همدلی و قضاوت اخلاقی کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نافرمانی مقابله‌ای. مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم 1400; 10 (1) :55-45

URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-2213-fa.html



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دوره 10، شماره 1 - ( زمستان 1400 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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