[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit ::
:: Volume 7, Issue 2 (Spring - 2019) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2019, 7(2): 44-55 Back to browse issues page
The Role of the Mediator of Attachment Styles in the Relationship between Personality Traits and Fetishism
Leyla Rastgar Faraj Zadeh, Abolfazl Mohammadian *
Department of Psychology,Faculty of Psychology,University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Abolfazl796@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1700 Views)
Introduction: Fetishism as a sexual deviation is characterized by imaginations, desires, and frequent sexual behaviors focused on objects that are not sexually suggestive to others. This research with a dual purpose, on the one hand, examined the relationship between personality traits, attachment styles and fetishism, and on the other hand, measured the role of attachment styles in relation between personality traits and fetishism. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive and correlational study. The statistical population of the present study was the men over 18 years of age in Tabriz in 2018. From among the community, a sample of 300 participants was selected through available sampling. The research instruments were Adult Attachment Inventory (AAI), NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and the Multidimensional Inventory of Development, Sex, and Aggression (MIDSA). Results: The Results showed that the higher the individual score in the variables of neuroticism and agreeableness, the greater the likelihood of a person having a fetishism. Possibly, those with a neurotic trait are more likely to have an avoidant and ambivalent insecure attachment style. The results of multivariable regression analysis also showed that 14% of the fetishism can be explained by personality traits. The greatest contribution was to neuroticism (P<0.01) and then agreeableness (P<0.05). Furthermore, three variables of avoidant attachment, secure attachment and ambivalent attachment predicted a total of 24% of the variance of the fetishism variable. Given the beta value, it is determined that the ambivalent attachment style has the greatest effect on the fetishism variable. Finally, attachment styles act as mediators of the personality trait of neuroticism and fetishism. Conclusion: Avoidant and ambivalent insecure attachment styles along with personality traits, neuroticism and agreeableness, can lead to sexual deviations, such as Fetishism.
Keywords: Personality, Adult, Neuroticism
Full-Text [PDF 1462 kb]   (1497 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Psycology
1. APA. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder. 5th ed. Arlington: VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. 2013.
2. Allen MS, Walter, EE. Linking big five personality traits to sexuality and sexual health: a meta-analytic review. Psychol Bull. 2018;144(10):1081-110. [DOI:10.1037/bul0000157]
3. Hoyle RH, Fejfar MC, Miller JD. Personality and sexual risk taking: a quantitative review. J Pers. 2000;68(6):1203-31. [DOI:10.1111/1467-6494.00132]
4. Wismeijer AA, van Assen MA. Psychological characteristics of BDSM practitioners. J Sex Med. 2013;10(8):1943-52. [DOI:10.1111/jsm.12192]
5. Brown GR, Wise TN, Costa PT, Herbst JH, Fagan PJ, Schmidt CW. Personality characteristics and sexual functioning of 188 cross-dressing men. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1996;184(5):265-73. [DOI:10.1097/00005053-199605000-00001]
6. Lodi-Smith J, Shepard, K, Wagner S. Personality and sexually deviant behavior. Pers Individ Dif. 2014;70:39-44. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2014.06.012]
7. Agnes Van M, Mirjam K. The interaction between anxiety and sexual functioning: a controlled study of sexual functioning in women with anxiety disorders. Sex Relation Ther. 2010;15(1):45-57.
8. Costa PT, McCrae RR. The five-factor model of personality and its relevance to personality disorders. J Pers Disord. 1992;6(4):343-59. [DOI:10.1521/pedi.1992.6.4.343]
9. Goldsmith HH, Alansky JA. Maternal and infant temperamental predictors of attachment: a meta-analytic review. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1987;55(6):805-16. [DOI:10.1037/0022-006X.55.6.805]
10. Bowlby J. Attachment and loss. New York: Basic Books. 1969.
11. Mikulincer M, Shaver R. The attachment behavioral system in adulthood: activation, psychodynamics, and interpersonal processes. Adv Exp Soc Psychol. 2003;35:53-152. [DOI:10.1016/S0065-2601(03)01002-5]
12. Wearden A, Cook L, Vaughan-Jones J. Adult attachment, alexithymia, symptom reporting, and health-related coping. J Psychosom Res. 2003;55(4):341-7. [DOI:10.1016/S0022-3999(02)00635-9]
13. Amani Z, Fatehizade M, Yousefi Z. The multiple relations between attachment styles and big five personality traits with assertiveness in a sample of Iranian girl. Adv Exp Soc Psychol. 2013;2(10):161-6.
14. Khanalizadeh Ini Z, Khanalizadeh Ini M, Khanalizadeh Amin Z. Evaluation and study of the role and attachment relation in personality characteristics of individuals. Third national conference on recent innovations in psychology, counseling and behavioral sciences; Tarbiat Modares University of Tehran. 2016.
15. Hejazi E, Tanha Z, Rahmani S, Nikpour R. Loving styles: relationships with big five factors of personality and attachment styles. Psychol Res. 2013;8(30):29-53.
16. Shaver PR,Brennan KA. Attachment style and the big five personality traits: Their connection with romantic relationship outcomes. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 1992;18(5):536-45. [DOI:10.1177/0146167292185003]
17. Both LE, Best LA. A comparison of two attachment measures in relation to personality factors and facets. Pers Individ Dif. 2017;112(1):1-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2017.02.040]
18. Birnbaum GE. Attachment orientations, sexual functioning, and relationship satisfaction in a community sample of women. J Soc Pers Relat. 2007;24(1):21-35. [DOI:10.1177/0265407507072576]
19. McQuitty S. Statistical power and structural equation models in business research. J Bus Res. 2004;57(2):175-83. [DOI:10.1016/S0148-2963(01)00301-0]
20. Siu LH. Issues and procedures in adopting structural equation modeling technique. Journal of Applied Quantitative Methods. 2008;3(1):76-83.
21. Sivo SA, Fan XT, Witta EL, Willse JT. The search for "optimal" cutoff properties: fit index criteria in structural equation modeling. J Exp Educ. 2006;74(3):276-89. [DOI:10.3200/JEXE.74.3.267-288]
22. Habibi AAv M. Practical training of Lisrel software structural equation modeling and factor analysis: Jahad University Press; 2011.
23. Hazan C, Shaver P. Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1987;52(3):511-24. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.52.3.511]
24. Besharat MA. Adult attachment inventory: questionnaire, instruction and scoring key. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences. 2013;9(3):317-20.
25. Garousi Farshi T. New approach to personality evaluation (application of factor analysis in personality studies). Tabriz: Danial; 2001.
26. Saucier G. Replicable item-cluster subcomponents in the NEO five-factor inventory. J Pers Assess. 1998;70(2):263-76. [DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa7002_6]
27. Enterprises A. MIDSA Clinical Manual.MIDSA Manual. 2011.
28. Bogart LM, Suttorp MJ, Elliott MN, Clemens JQ. Berry S.H. Prevalence and correlates of sexual dysfunction among women with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis. Urology. 2011;77(3):576-80. [DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2010.10.016]
29. Hesse C, Floyd K. Affection mediates the impact of alexithymia on relationships. Pers Individ Dif. 2011;50(4):451-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2010.11.004]
30. Bowlby J. Attachment and loss: sadness and depression. New York: Basic Books; 1980.
31. Schimmenti A, Bifulco A. Linking lack of care in childhood to anxiety disorders in emerging adulthood: the role of attachment styles. Child Adolesc Ment Health. 2015;20(1):41-8. [DOI:10.1111/camh.12051]
32. Crawford TN, Shaver PR, Goldsmith HH. How affect regulation moderates the association between anxious attachment and neuroticism. Attach Hum Dev. 2007;9(2):95-109. [DOI:10.1080/14616730701349747]
33. Lounsbury JW, SteelRP, Loveland JM, Gibson LW. An investigation of personality traits in relation to adolescent school absenteeism. J Youth Adolesc. 2004;33(5): 457-466. [DOI:10.1023/B:JOYO.0000037637.20329.97]
34. Clayton A. The pathophysiology of hypoactive sexual desire disorder in women. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2010;110(1):7-11. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijgo.2010.02.014]
35. Read J. Sexual problems associated with infertility, pregnancy and ageing. BMJ. 2004;329(7465):559-61. [DOI:10.1136/bmj.329.7465.559]
36. Wearden A, Peters I, Berry K, Barrowclough C, Liversidge T. Adult attachment, parenting experiences, and core beliefs about self and others. Pers Individ Dif. 2008;44(5):1246-57. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2007.11.019]
37. Sheinbaum T, Kwapil TR, Ballespí S, Mitjavila M, ChunCA, Silvia PJ, et al. Attachment style predicts affect, cognitive appraisals, and social functioning in daily life. Front Psychol. 2015;18(6):296-302. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00296]
38. Seligman MEP. Authentic happiness: using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfilment. New York: Free Press; 2002.
39. Mikulincer M aSP. Attachment theory and research: resurrection of the psychodynamic approach to personality. J Res Pers. 2005;39:22-45. [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2004.09.002]
40. Mikulincer M, Horesh N, Eilati I,Kotler M. The association between adult attachment style and mental health in extreme lifeendangering conditions. Pers Individ Dif. 1999;27(5):831-42. [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(99)00032-X]
41. Sochos A, Tsalta A. Depressiogenic cognition and insecure attachment: a motivational hypothesis. Rev Int Psicol Ter Psicol. 2008;8(2):157-70.

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rastgar Faraj Zadeh L, Mohammadian A. The Role of the Mediator of Attachment Styles in the Relationship between Personality Traits and Fetishism. Shefaye Khatam. 2019; 7 (2) :44-55
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-1898-en.html

Volume 7, Issue 2 (Spring - 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4217