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:: Volume 4, Issue 2 (Spring - 2016) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2016, 4(2): 19-26 Back to browse issues page
A Comparison of Theory of Mind and Empathy in Male and Female Students at University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences in Tehran
Ebrahim Soltani Azemat, Abolfazl Mohammadian *, Maryam Kamie, Maryam Jebreeili, Behrooz Doolatshahi
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran , abolfazl796@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4915 Views)

Introduction: Empathy and theory of mind, capacities that are essential for human communication, are abilities which highly correlated to each other. Several studies have shown that women outperform men regarding empathy. However, using theory of mind did not confirm these results. The aim of the present study was to compare theory of mind and empathy in male and female students at University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences in Tehran. Materials and Methods: The research was a descriptive-comparative study. One hundred undergraduate students, 50 males and 50 females (due to the population size by using the Cochran formula), from different rehabilitation majors took part in this study. They were selected by non-probability quota sampling. Davis empathy questionnaire and Baron Cohen Eyes Test were used for this evaluation. Results: The findings showed that women outperformed men significantly with regard to empathy test scores. However, there was not a statistically significant difference between men and women in theory of mind test scores. Conclusion: One possible reason for different findings between two methods used in this study may be the self-report nature of sympathy questionnaire. Women are expected to be more empathic in society and this can affect their responses. Theory of mind test emphasizes on more complex mind states and examines empathy in an indirect way could be a more reliable test.

Keywords: Empathy, Theory of Mind, Rehabilitation
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Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Psycology



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Soltani Azemat E, Mohammadian A, Kamie M, Jebreeili M, Doolatshahi B. A Comparison of Theory of Mind and Empathy in Male and Female Students at University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences in Tehran. Shefaye Khatam 2016; 4 (2) :19-26
URL: http://shefayekhatam.ir/article-1-936-en.html


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Volume 4, Issue 2 (Spring - 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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