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:: Volume 11, Issue 4 (Autumn 2023) ::
Shefaye Khatam 2023, 11(4): 32-41 Back to browse issues page
Are Blood Sugar Levels and Age Contribute to the Occurrence of Functional Disturbance of the 1st, 7th, and 9th Cranial Nerves in Patients with COVID-19?
Sajjad Salari , Maryam Bagheri *
Department of Physiology, faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran , maryam.bagheri@medilam.ac.irilam.ac.ir
Abstract:   (369 Views)
Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can affect the peripheral and central nervous system. Headache, cerebrovascular disease, anosmia, taste and vision disorders, and neuropathic pain have been observed in patients with COVID-19. In this study, the effect of predisposing factors, such as blood sugar level and age, on the occurrence of changes in the function of some cranial nerves has been investigated. Materials and Methods: In this study, 1138 men and women with COVID-19 (18-89 years old) hospitalized in Shahid Mostafa Hospital in Ilam City without a history of diabetes were studied. Fasting blood sugar levels, taste disorders, smell disorders, sore throat, and various blood factors were studied in these individuals. Results: The rate of dysfunction of the 1st, sensory part of the 7th, and the 9th cranial nerves in non-diabetic patients with COVID-19 showed an inverse correlation with blood sugar level. Furthermore, the incidence of smell and taste disorders in patients with COVID-19 without a history of diabetes showed an inverse correlation with increasing age. Conclusion: Coronavirus can cause partial or complete dysfunction in the activity of some cranial nerves.  The incidence of impaired sense of smell and taste in patients with COVID-19 decreases with increasing fasting blood sugar levels as well as with increasing age.
 
Keywords: COVID-19, Nervous System Diseases, Taste Disorders, Olfaction Disorders
Full-Text [PDF 1097 kb]   (135 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research --- Open Access, CC-BY-NC | Subject: Neurophysiology
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Salari S, Bagheri M. Are Blood Sugar Levels and Age Contribute to the Occurrence of Functional Disturbance of the 1st, 7th, and 9th Cranial Nerves in Patients with COVID-19?. Shefaye Khatam 2023; 11 (4) :32-41
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Volume 11, Issue 4 (Autumn 2023) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم اعصاب شفای خاتم The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam
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